The following is a list of various names given to Full Moons. Some of these are Native American in origin, but not all.
1. January-Full Wolf Moon, Snow Moon, Old Moon and Moon after Yule. The cold January weather often meant snow which made it difficult to hunt and find food. Many Native American tribes refer to it as the Full Wolf Moon because wolf packs were often heard howling the most in the month of January due to the scarcity of food and their hunger.
2. February-Full Snow Moon or Full Hunger Moon. Snow fall was often the heaviest during the month of February, hence the name. The heavy snow also made it even more difficult to find food and so it is also referred to as the Full Hunger Moon.
3. March-Full Worm Moon, Full Crow Moon, Full Crust Moon and Full Sap Moon. The first signs of spring would often become visible signaling that winter was ending. Earthworms would reappear, crows would caw and sap would be ready for harvest from the maple trees. It is also referred to as the Full Crust Moon because the snow cover would become hard and crunchy after repeated melting by day and refreezing at night.
4. April-Full Pink Moon, Full Grass Moon, Full Fish Moon and Full Egg Moon. The month of April often brought the first appearance of wild flowers, such as the Grass Pink flower or wild phlox. Grass would become more visible and the fish would spawn making it a good time to catch fish.
5. May-Full Flower/Flowering Moon or Full Corn Moon. Aptly name due to the abundant visibility of flowers, and flowering plants and trees. It is also referred to as the Full Corn Moon because of the best planting time for corn.
6. June-Full Strawberry Moon. Strawberry picking season would peak during June, hence the name.
7. July-Full Buck Moon, Full Thunder Moon or Full Hay Moon. Bucks would start to grow antlers and thunderstorms were often most prevalent during the month of July.
8. August-Full Red Moon, Full Grain Moon or Full Sturgeon Moon. Depending on the tribe and its location, some refereed to the August moon as the Full Red Moon due to its appearance in the night sky. More Northern tribes in the Great Lakes area called it the Full Sturgeon Moon due to the abundance of sturgeon and the best time to catch them.
9. September-Full Harvest Moon. Various crops were often harvested during the month of September as preparations were made for the approaching winter months. The Full Harvest Moon was the name given to the Full Moon that fell closest to the fall equinox. This moon normally falls in September, but can and does occur sometimes in early October.
10. October-Full Hunters’ Moon. The harvest had been reaped and leaves started to fall. Many animals were well fed and fattened up for the winter making this the perfect month for hunting.
11. November-Full Beaver Moon or Full Frost Moon. Beavers became more active in their preparations for the winter months and thus were more visible. Tribes often used beaver furs for trade purposes or for warmth during the winter months.It is also usually the time of the first frost, signaling that winter is nearer.
12. December-Full Cold Moon or Full Night Moon, also called Full Long Nights Moon. As winter set in, the first real cold weather of the winter season often arrived in December causing this Full Moon to be referred to as the Full Cold Moon. It is also known as the Full Night Moon or Full Long Nights Moon due to the shortness of daylight and the longest nights of the season.